Wednesday, November 30Inside Business Africa


The Nigerian government is eager to onboard the 5G rollout in the country.  However, some issues need addressing. 

Firstly, bear in mind that most people in Nigeria use smartphone devices on the 2G and 3G networks.  This means that 5G rollout will be available to only a select few, especially as most Nigerian smartphone users do not use 4G, its younger brother.

Secondly, the relatively low cost of 2G and 3G and the fact they work effectively with web browsing, VOIP, video conference calls make these compete with 5G rollout.  Consequently, the Nigerian government as well as the Nigerian telecommunications firms have work to do in convincing Nigerians to come aboard 5G.

Meanwhile, let us look at the benefits of 5G and what this means for Nigerians.


Just in case you are wondering about the benefits of the 5G rollout, don’t go away.

Low Latency

5G’s low latency means this network readily supports artificial intelligence, virtual reality as well as Internet of Things.  In addition, smartphone users easily view webpages on their screens due to 5G’s low latency.

Moreover, the 5G rollout enables users to log onto the Internet at any time to access information.

Higher Capacity and More Bandwidth

5G’s 100 times higher capacity than 4G networks enables companies to switch between wireless and cellular strategies easily.

This equips companies with methods to surf the Internet efficiently and with ease.

In addition, the increased bandwidth enables users to transfer data easily and quickly.  Users have a faster Internet connection and more bandwidth with a 5G rollout.

High Speeds

5G rollout has the added advantage of high speeds.  This means that smartphone users download movies, music, games, and pictures at a fraction of the speed on earlier networks.

Moreover, the advanced speed enables 5G users to use it for automation and advanced web conferencing.


Equally important as the 5G implementation in the country is the need to put certain things in place to enhance a seamless experience.  Some of these things are:

Manpower Training

Few skilled personnel to operate 5G equipment exist in Nigeria.  Thus the Nigerian government needs to roll out measures to help the telecommunications providers get skilled employees.

Consequently, the government should equip universities with the necessary educational material and resources to train students interested in telecommunications. 

This is a calculated move that helps to accelerate 5G rollout in Nigeria as telecommunications companies won’t have to employ expatriates to handle 5G equipment.

Easy Access to 5G Site Locations

5G rollout needs special site locations.  On the other hand, the President Buhari-led administration claims that it implemented the N145 cost in 2019 for the Right of Way agreement in 2013.

However, the reality on ground is that charges are still astronomical in about 29 states.  Local authorities in these states often charge extra fees.  In addition, they deny Telecommunications carriers access to locations until these fees are paid.

The Nigerian government can facilitate a 5G rollout by designating certain spaces for this technology.  For instance, the Japanese government designated traffic lights for the 5G rollout.

Monetary Support for 5G Implementation

Equally important as the revenue generated from the 5G license sale is the need to financially support its implementation.  5G equipment is very expensive and most telecommunications companies won’t want to set up standalone masts in remote areas. 

The reason behind this is that fewer 5G compatible smartphone users reside in far-flung regions. Thus, the focus will be on select cities in the country.

The Nigerian government can facilitate a wider reach of 5G in the country by funding the 5G rollout.  In addition, lowering taxes on equipment as well as providing a steady power supply are great ways of enhancing the 5G rollout in Nigeria.


5G is a great way of experiencing the Internet of Things.  It enhances speed and provides more bandwidth for users.  However, the Nigerian government needs to facilitate 5G implementation by putting the right measures in place.

In brief, 5G won’t be successful if the Nigerian economy progressively deteriorates.  The Nigerian government needs to look into ways to make 5G accessible to the Nigerian majority.

See also: BUA Cement 3 Million Metric Tonnes Plant in Sokoto

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